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Where do you make your KnowNowᵀᴹ tests?

KnowNowᵀᴹ Tests have been invented, developed and manufactured in the UK.

Is there a limit to how frequently I can take your tests?

No, there's no limit at all. KnowNow is specifically designed for frequent testing in order to offer the best chance of identifying infectious individuals as early as possible.

We recommend that individuals are tested as regularly as possible to keep workplaces and communities safe. Depending on the scenario, we would recommend that testing is performed every 2-3 days, or even daily, depending on the scenario.

How have you validated the accuracy of your tests?

To date we have conducted three clinical studies. The first was a UK Government-supported National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) study across ten UK hospitals; the second was with Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, and the third is a community study that we have led ourselves. We have also carried out our own analytical assessments, as well as two Public Health England analytical assessments.

We have worked with over 280 negative patient samples and around 100 COVID-19 positive patients across our studies. We are also currently carrying out a 650+ patient clinical trial with sites in the UK, USA and Brazil to provide us with a higher volume of clinical data, and with a view to additional regulatory approvals to widen the reach of the impact we can have globally in pandemic recovery.

Are there any health risks to or side effects from taking the KnowNowᵀᴹ Test?ᵀ

There are no health risks associated with using the KnowNow test itself, and it is safe to use on all individuals.

Receiving a negative result means that the individual tested does not have any live virus in the sample provided and is not currently infectious to others. However, it's important to be aware that they could still be exposed to the SARS-CoV-2 virus following the test. It could also be possible that the individual tested has already been exposed to the virus 1 or 2 days ago, and they have not yet become infectious to others.

As a result, we recommend that individuals are tested as regularly as possible to keep workplaces and communities safe. Depending on the scenario, we would recommend testing is repeated every 1 to 3 days.

If this regular testing is combined with mask wearing, hand washing and social distancing, the risk of virus transmission is vastly decreased.

What's the long term vision for Vatic beyond COVID-19?

We’re focused on developing our predictive health technology and tests so that we can make medicine more proactive and help to predict illness before it becomes acute or infectious. We want to empower people to feel in charge of their own health and wellbeing by making testing more readily accessible and available, allowing for earlier prediction and prevention of acute illnesses.

How does KnowNowᵀᴹ compare to COVID-19 antibody tests?

The KnowNowᵀᴹ Test and COVID-19 antibody tests test for completely different things.

Antibody tests identify whether someone has had coronavirus in the past, whereas the KnowNowᵀᴹ Test detects whether an individual is currently infectious.

Antibody testing involves detecting the immune response in the human body to having fought off a virus. These tests look for an antibody created in the bloodstream in response to the presence of a virus in that environment. This is useful when testing the effectiveness of a vaccine, or understanding how far and wide a virus has spread. However, it is of limited usefulness to individuals, as it is only able to identify whether an individual has fought off the SARS-CoV-2 virus in the past. It cannot effectively confirm whether they are currently infected, or infectious.

Does the KnowNow Test identify all COVID-19 mutations?

The mechanism underpinning the KnowNowᵀᴹ test mimics the means through which the virus interacts with the surface of a human cell in order to detect it. As a result, we expect that it will continue to identify the SARS-CoV-2 virus even in the face of further potential mutation in the future, unlike tests based on antibodies.

We have modelled the difference between the Wuhan and 501Y mutations in a recombinant protein model to give us initial analytical evidence that the KnowNow test reacts to these variations of concern. And we are currently carrying out a study on live samples of these and other mutations to gather practical evidence of this.

In fact, we predict that the KnowNowᵀᴹ test may potentially become even more sensitive as the virus mutates to become more infectious. And we will continue to carry out further analyses and studies to support this prediction, and confirm that KnowNow continues to function on newer mutations as they arise.

What does a positive test result look like and mean?

Positive KnowNowᵀᴹ Test result
Positive KnowNowᵀᴹ Test Result

If there is one red line visible next to the "C" in the KnowNowᵀᴹ device test results window, and any line at all, no matter how faint, appears next to the "T", then the test result is positive. This indicates that the SARS-CoV-2 antigen has been detected in the sample.

Following a positive result, current government guidance on matters including self-isolation and reporting the result should be followed.

Is it painful to take the KnowNowᵀᴹ Test?

No, not at all. It was really important to us when inventing this test, that it would be comfortable and easy enough that anyone would be happy to take a test every day if they needed to.

All the KnowNow test needs is a simple saliva sample from the mouth. Unlike alternative antigen tests or most PCR tests, the KnowNow test does not require the clinical professional to insert a swab very high inside the nose to collect a sample from the nasopharynx, nor does it require a tonsil swab. This is one COVID-19 test that won't make people gag or cry.

Do you identify infection in people who are asymptomatic?

The KnowNowᵀᴹ test's unique detection mechanism identifies the infectiousness of the people tested. As a result, from our modelling based on accepted and peer-reviewed scientific literature, the KnowNowᵀᴹ test will detect asymptomatic people who are infectious with COVID-19.

The KnowNowᵀᴹ test has an impressively low limit of detection for an on-the-spot equipment-less test, of between 50,000 and 200,000 viral copies per mL, and so it is sensitive enough to identify infectious asymptomatic carriers even if they have low viral loads.

As the KnowNowᵀᴹ Test makes testing quicker, easier and more accessible, more people can get tested on an ongoing basis. Regular testing improves the chances of picking up asymptomatic carriers. Since the KnowNowᵀᴹ Test can detect the virus on day 3 to 4 after infection, based on KnowNow's low limit of detection and accepted models of viral load in disease progression, it identifies these carriers before they’re at a high risk of infecting other people.

Testing to identify asymptomatic carriers is so important, since they make up a large proportion of people who are infectious and enable the virus to keep spreading. This narrative review of 16 clinical studies around the globe concludes that between 40-45% of those infected with SARS-CoV-2 never develop symptoms, and that these asymptomatic carriers can infect others for an extended period, perhaps longer than 14 days.

How is a KnowNowᵀᴹ Test administered?

There are just 4 simple steps to the KnowNowᵀᴹ Test.

  1. Swab the mouth: The KnowNowᵀᴹ Test requires just a saliva sample to be taken easily and comfortably from the mouth. We know how uncomfortable and painful other lateral flow antigen tests or polymerase chain reaction (PCR) tests can be, with swabs going high into nostrils and all the way back to tonsils. It was really important to us that people would feel happy to take a KnowNow test on a regular basis.
  2. Shake the tube: The saliva swab is placed into a buffer solution in a small tube, and shaken up to mix it well.
  3. Squeeze on panel: A few drops of the mixed solution is squeezed onto the KnowNowᵀᴹ Test device.
  4. Know in 15 minutes: It takes just 15 minutes for the positive or negative result to appear in the test result window on the KnowNowᵀᴹ Test device. No need to wait 24-48 hours for results, as you would with a PCR test.
Had COVID - 19 symptoms in the last 2 days? Apply here to help us make testing accessible to all.