The adjective "vatic" means "describing or predicting what will happen in the future," and derives directly from the Latin word vates, meaning "seer" or "prophet."
We chose this name as it speaks to our mission to make healthcare more proactive and empowering, through predictive screening for acute disease.
The KnowNowᵀᴹ test has been developed to Vatic's stringent standards of quality and safety.
It has undergone the necessary clinical trials and performance tests and has been shown to meet the specific requirements published by the UK's Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency (MHRA).
The KnowNow test has been CE marked for professional use in a healthcare setting and has been registered for use in the UK and the EU.
There are no health risks associated with using the KnowNow test itself, and it is safe to use on all individuals.
Receiving a negative result means that the individual tested does not have any live virus in the sample provided and is not currently infectious to others. However, it's important to be aware that they could still be exposed to the SARS-CoV-2 virus following the test. It could also be possible that the individual tested has already been exposed to the virus 1 or 2 days ago, and they have not yet become infectious to others.
As a result, we recommend that individuals are tested as regularly as possible to keep workplaces and communities safe. Depending on the scenario, we would recommend testing is repeated every 1 to 3 days.
If this regular testing is combined with mask wearing, hand washing and social distancing, the risk of virus transmission is vastly decreased.
COVID-19 test accuracy is typically determined by ‘specificity’ and ‘sensitivity’.
Specificity is about the extent to which you can eliminate false positives; sensitivity is how much virus needs to be present before a test picks it up. So there is always a need to strike a balance, when testing, between trying to pick up the virus as early as possible, versus accidentally delivering a positive test result for someone who is not actually infected.
The specificity of the KnowNowᵀᴹ Test is 99.9%. In more than 300 negative patient saliva samples, we haven’t had a single false positive.
What’s important when it comes to sensitivity is how much virus needs to be present in the patient sample for the test to give a positive signal. This is known as the 'Limit of Detection', and we measure this rather than clinical sensitivity as it is much more informative. Our Limit of Detection is between 50,000 and 200,000 viral copies per mL, making our test more sensitive than other rapid antigen tests available. The Abbott BinaxNow test, for example, needs 1,000,000 viral copies per mL in order to get a positive signal. The KnowNowᵀᴹ Test's very low Limit of Detection means it can detect infected people as early as day 3 to 4 of infection. This is before they become highly infectious, and a day or two earlier than most tests available (based on models of viral load in disease progression).
If you'd like to read more about this subject, we recommend this paper. It argues that the "Limit of Detection matters and directly impacts efforts to identify, control, and contain outbreaks during this pandemic" since "higher LoD are likely to miss nonnegligible fractions of infected individuals." It also makes the case that Limit of Detection values for tests using universal standard metrics should be readily available in the public domain to enable like-for-like comparison.
So that we adhere to the strict rules around lateral flow tests, we have to make sure that anyone activating a sample pack is doing so purely to learn more about KnowNow Testing, and not as means of administering a clinical test.
No, there's no limit at all. KnowNow is specifically designed for frequent testing in order to offer the best chance of identifying infectious individuals as early as possible.
We recommend that individuals are tested as regularly as possible to keep workplaces and communities safe. Depending on the scenario, we would recommend that testing is performed every 2-3 days, or even daily, depending on the scenario.
Yes, it will be very clear if the test has been carried out incorrectly and failed.
If there are no lines at all visible in the KnowNowᵀᴹ device test results window, then the test has failed, and it should be repeated with a new device and a fresh saliva sample.
We recommend that tests are performed at the earliest opportunity possible, to ensure that individuals in the workplace, venue or community don't come into contact with each other prior to testing.
There's no particular time of day that's best to perform a test. Although it is important that individuals haven't had anything to eat or drink, and haven't smoked, within the 30 minutes prior to taking the test.
No, not at all. It was really important to us when inventing this test, that it would be comfortable and easy enough that anyone would be happy to take a test every day if they needed to.
All the KnowNow test needs is a simple saliva sample from the mouth. Unlike alternative antigen tests or most PCR tests, the KnowNow test does not require the clinical professional to insert a swab very high inside the nose to collect a sample from the nasopharynx, nor does it require a tonsil swab. This is one COVID-19 test that won't make people gag or cry.
The KnowNowᵀᴹ test's unique detection mechanism identifies the infectiousness of the people tested. As a result, from our modelling based on accepted and peer-reviewed scientific literature, the KnowNowᵀᴹ test will detect asymptomatic people who are infectious with COVID-19.
The KnowNowᵀᴹ test has an impressively low limit of detection for an on-the-spot equipment-less test, of between 50,000 and 200,000 viral copies per mL, and so it is sensitive enough to identify infectious asymptomatic carriers even if they have low viral loads.
As the KnowNowᵀᴹ Test makes testing quicker, easier and more accessible, more people can get tested on an ongoing basis. Regular testing improves the chances of picking up asymptomatic carriers. Since the KnowNowᵀᴹ Test can detect the virus on day 3 to 4 after infection, based on KnowNow's low limit of detection and accepted models of viral load in disease progression, it identifies these carriers before they’re at a high risk of infecting other people.
Testing to identify asymptomatic carriers is so important, since they make up a large proportion of people who are infectious and enable the virus to keep spreading. This narrative review of 16 clinical studies around the globe concludes that between 40-45% of those infected with SARS-CoV-2 never develop symptoms, and that these asymptomatic carriers can infect others for an extended period, perhaps longer than 14 days.
If there is one red line visible next to the "C" in the KnowNowᵀᴹ device test results window, and any line at all, no matter how faint, appears next to the "T", then the test result is positive. This indicates that the SARS-CoV-2 antigen has been detected in the sample.
Following a positive result, current government guidance on matters including self-isolation and reporting the result should be followed.